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FASCIA-MEMORY PROJECT
Integrated Preventative Health Maintenance Systems Research & Development
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Selected References

Only a select few references have been included below; as needed please see Reference Section at
Original Fascia Memory Theory page
      ChaliceBullet20-21  First International Fascia Research Congress (www.fascia2007.com)
          Excerpt from Science Magazine, Nov 23, 2007:
          "The meeting ...would be the first dedicated to the soft part of the body's connective tissue system — an important but medically neglected organ. It would bring together top scientists from fields as diverse as cell biology and biophysics, but it would also include alternative medicine practitioners.
          "...This conference was a first venture within the field of the human fasciae to bring together scientists and clinicians and it was not at all certain that getting these two diverse groups together would satisfy everyone or produce constructive collaboration. ...Yet, by the end of the second day, it was obvious there was a meeting of minds. So much so that a leading researcher in biomechanics, Peter Huijing, PhD, of Vrije Unvesiteit in Amsterdam has agreed to help organize the ... conference in Amsterdam in 2009..."

          Abstracts are/were available via the Abstracts 2007 and Abstracts 2009 and Abstracts 2012. These include Robert Schleip's "Fascial mechanoreceptors and their potential role in deep tissue manipulation Excerpt", "Fascial plasticity - a new neurobiological explanation," Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies 7(1):11-19 and 7(2):104-116 (2003). About fascia (connective tissue) as densely innervated by mechanoreceptors and effected by "self-regulatory dynamics": "...Fascia and the autonomic nervous system appear to be intimately connected. A change in attitude in myofascial practitioners from a mechanical perspective" is suggested. And "...of special interest in relation to fibromyalgia ...An attitudinal shift is suggested, from a mechanical body concept towards a cybernetic model, in which the practitioner's intervention are seen as stimulation [toward an inclusion of the self-regulatory dynamics of the nervous system ] within the client's organism." And "Additionally smooth muscle cells have been discovered in fascia, which seem to be involved in active fascial contractility. Fascia and the autonomic nervous system appear to be intimately connected." [!!! Editor's note: I found this abstract to be the MOST related to innervation (per the theory page here). It mentions what are now known to be the largest group of (type III & IV) sensory nerve fibers, now commonly called interstitial muscle receptors. "A better name would be interstitial myofascial tissue receptors since they also exist abundantly in fascia... are hardly mentioned in most textbooks." -cp]



  ChaliceBullet20-21  Scientific Confirmation?: When scanning through web pages (Nov '00) I felt I had finally found the big one... it seemed to perfectly resonate with - and scientifically support to a great degree - what I have seen/felt and which led me to write the "theory" (on Theory page): "The Acupuncture System and The Liquid Crystalline Collagen Fibres of the Connective Tissues" by Mae-Wan Ho, director of Institute of Science in Society (ISIS at www.i-sis.org). Her assembly of research material, some of it her own, virtually creates the scientific support infrastructure for the Fascia Memory Theory. Her interests include conductivity, resonance or 'coherence', and healing via cellular alignment. Here's a series of excerpts from "The Acupuncture System and The Liquid Crystalline Collagen Fibres of the Connective Tissues":
      "According to Becker (1990), the DC body field is not located in the nervous sytem itself, but in "perineural" tissues such as the glial cells in the brain and spinal cord, and the schwann cells encasing the peripheral nerves. This hypothesis would seem to conflict with the suggestion that the DC body field is correlated with the acupuncture system. ...Also, an electrodynamical field can be detected in all early embryos and in plants and animals which do not have neural or perineural tissues (Burr and Northrup, 1935). It is likely that the DC field is functionally interconnected with the nervous system, and yet exists, to a large degree, outside the nervous system. In fact, it is widely recognized that under a variety of conditions, the speed of communication in our body is much faster than can be accounted for by the known speed of nerve conduction (see Ho, 1997a), and nerves simply do not reach all parts of our body. ...we recently discovered that the living continuum is liquid crystalline, with all the properties that make liquid crystals ideal for intercommunication (Ho et al, 1996; Ho, 1997a). [various important lead-up points & references skipped]... Liquid crystals typically undergo rapid changes in orientation or phase transitions when exposed to electric (and magnetic) fields - which is why they are widely used in display screens. They also respond to changes in temperature, hydration, shear forces and pressure. Biological liquid crystals carry static electric charges and are therefore also influenced by pH, salt concentration and dielectric constant of the solvent (Collings, 1990; Knight and Feng, 1993). [various important lead-up points & references skipped] ...It is already widely recognized that all the major constituents of living organisms may be liquid crystalline (Collings, 1990) - lipids of cellular membranes, DNA, possibly all proteins, especially cytoskeletal proteins, muscle proteins, and proteins in the connective tissues such as collagens and proteoglycans (Bouligand, 1972; Giraud-Guille, 1992; Knight and Feng, 1993). Recent nuclear magnetic resonance (nmr) studies of muscles in living human subjects provide evidence of their "liquid-crystalline-like" structure (Kreis and Boesch, 1994). [various important lead-up points & references skipped] ...Hardy suggested in 1927 that molecular orientation may be important for living protoplasm, and Peters, two years later, made the explicit link between molecular orientation and liquid crystals. Needham, indeed, proposed that organisms actually are liquid crystalline. But direct evidence for that has only recently been provided by Ho and coworkers ( Ho and Lawrence, 1993; Ho and Saunders, 1994; Ho et al, 1996). who successfully imaged live organisms using an interference colour technique that amplifies weak birefringences typical of biological liquid crystals."
   
The noted references have been put below in the section, "References from Mae Won Ho".


     ChaliceBullet20-21  FACILITATING RESEARCH IN FASCIA: "Sheet Plastination- a Powerful Research Tool for the Macro-microscopic Configuration of the Fibrous Connective Tissue" Ming Zhang, MB, MMed, PhD
          ...RESULTS Sheet plastination provides a new approach to elucidate the architecture of the fibrous connective tissue at macroscopic and microscopic levels and can trace the configuration of dense and loose connective tissues because it retains all of the structures in their “living” position, while different types of tissues (fatty and fibrous connective tissue and muscular tissue) are still clearly distinguishable ...CONCLUSION Sheet plastination is a powerful research tool for the macro-microscopic configuration of the fibrous connective tissue.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Other Key Research includes that by Candace B. Pert, Ph.D. Her recent great discoveries in this regard are published in her ground-breaking book, Molecules and Emotion (http://www.candacepert.com/). Also most timely and important is the work of psychologist Paul Pearsall, Ph.D.   His book, The Heart's Code, The New Findings About Cellular Memories and Their Role in the Mind/Body/Spirit Connection.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Folks to watch for research and practical application in Preventative Maintenance include The Institute of HeartMath (Heartmath.com), author of Freeze-Frame: Fast Action Stress Relief and Self-Empowerment. Here, they have found correlations in heart activity to changes in the immune system and changes in hormonal balance, as well as to changes in perception and intelligence.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Two Leaders in the Science as applied to Body Fascia, Bodywork, and Somatic Recall (What I usually refer to as "Body Memory"), and to Healing are James L. Oschman, Ph.d. and Nora H. Oschman (see introductory section of this page). They are the authors of "Somatic Recall, Part 1 - Soft tissue memory," which continues in "... Part 2 - Soft tissue holography,". A summarization of their findings may be enjoyed in their article, "How Healing Energy Works." There are many more references in these two articles. They have published the book, *Readings on the Scientific Basis of Bodywork, Energetic, and Movement Therapies* - Excerpts and notes from that can be found here. Visit their (new) web site at http://www.energyresearch.bizland.com/.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  All of the above would not have been possible were it not for the Research in Microtubules, Ordered States, & Consciousness, in Cellular Memory, Engrams, & supportive Cell Biophysics, particularly by the prolific Stuart Hameroff (http://www.consciousness.arizona.edu/hameroff), author of Toward a Science of Consciousness and many other publications cited in the Related References section. Lead-up work has been performed by Roger Penrose (http://www.reed.edu/~rsavage/qbrain.html), and I. Prigogine, *From Being to Becoming,* Freeman, San Francisco, 1980, and with I. Stengers: *Order out of Chaos,* Heinemann, London, 1984.


Long-Term Memory Networks in the Brain
A modern theory with new research, excerpts added 8/17/16 from
"Unlocking the Brain’s Deepest Secrets"
By Teal Burrell, 25 May 2016 (NOVA at PBS)
[ My Comment Follows (Opinion, relative to *fascia memory theory* ]

         "In neuroscience, neurons get all the glory. Or rather, they used to. Researchers are beginning to discover the importance of something outside the neurons — a structure called the perineuronal net ...an organized tangle of proteins that helps form the extracellular matrix, a sort of neuron exoskeleton. ...perineuronal nets and the extracellular matrix might explain many of neuroscience’s mysteries."
         ...“Up to this point, we still don’t understand how we maintain memories in our brains for up to our entire lifetimes,” says Sakina Palida, a graduate student in Roger Tsien’s lab at the University of California, San Diego. ..."
         Memory was previously theorized to be facilitated by a kind of reinforcement of brain neurons with added synapses, but there were too many holes in the theory.
         "...That the perineuronal net is involved in some form of memory isn’t entirely new; Tsien’s hypothesis is that it is the structure for long-term memory, and that is new...To Tsien, a modern Nobel laureate, the breakthrough came when he started thinking outside the neuron. Instead of molecules inside neurons retaining memories, molecules outside neurons might be the key. “You need very long lasting molecules to store things and what else is better than just on the other side, the outside of the synapse?” Tsien says. “You have equal access to the information that’s in the synapse, but the proteins and carbohydrates that are on the outside of the synapse can last forever.”" The nets were reported 130 years ago by Camillo Golgi, but after a time of not knowing their purpose, became pretty much ignored."
         "In 2009, perineuronal nets were blamed for the fact that fear memories are nearly impossible to erase in adults. ...At the latest Society for Neuroscience meeting in Chicago, it was clear perineuronal nets are not being ignored any longer. ..."

My Comment (including note on positive touch-related memories):

         While this theory is probably right on target, I believe it is much more likely to explain non-traumatic long-term memories, and not the hard-core glue of trauma-suppressed memories (*per fascia memory theory*). And the discovery of the *means by which the nets work* will very likely be key to the discovery of the means by which fascia-memory works, if not the existance of that matrix/system itself. That is, the means for the brain's nets will likely be found similar to that for fascia-memory. However, they will likely be found far more *neuro-magnetically* similar, but less neuro-electrically, and certainly less neuro-mechanically similar, if you will, to the fascia-memory matrixes. There are no proprioceptors in the brain, afterall. AND (per *fascia-memory theory*) there will be found a relationship between the neuronets of the fascia and that of the brain - one that is set up to communicate with each other on an as-needed, certainly long-term basis. And yes, "neuro-magnetically" is the term I intended to use - per the *fascia-memory theory* - and refers to the mechanisms of neuro-muscular physiology yet to be found[?] and which (to me, still) appears is going to require more advanced scanning equipment than we have yet to devise and use[?]. Another question arises (here) about the strongest positive touch-related memories, and I'm guessing that those are "referenced" in the fascia via a third set of (neuro-magnetic) mechanisms, more subtle than that for trauma-suppressed memories, hence not based on or necessarily related to[?] the fascia-pleating mechanism.


Research Specifically in Water and Fascia

   ChaliceBullet20-21  "New Hypotheses on the Hydration of Collagen," James L. Oschman, Ph.D., Source: Fascia Congress 2012 ...RESULTS: Highly ordered collagenous structures yield X-ray diffraction and nuclear magnetic resonance images showing precise fits with chains of water molecules. Because of the high degree of order, the water molecules are also regarded as a body-wide liquid crystalline system primarily oriented along the body’s vertical axis (c). Protein and hydration layers form a dynamically coherent unit extending throughout the body. Further research shows that there are about 3-4 layers of water molecules surrounding each collagen molecule (d). CONCLUSION: Recent research has revealed profoundly important quantum effects and relationships in structures such as these: an ability to trap environmental electromagnetic fields; an ability of interfacial water layers to act as batteries (Pollack); and an ability to release quasi-free anti-oxidant electrons that control inflammation and power redox reactions. James L. Oschman, Ph.D., Nature’s Own Research Association, PO Box 1935, Dover, NH
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Leon Chaitow's Series of Articles About Research in Water and Fascia
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Current Research in Water and Fascia- Micro-tornadoes, hydrogenated diamonds & nanocrystals By Leon Chaitow, ND, DO. A resource reference-packed article that serves as an index and guide to this growing topic and it's array of expanding implications. "The speed with which research is uncovering the secrets of fascia is mind-boggling...!"
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Cell-matrix adhesion sites appear to host a "mechanosensory switch" as they transmit forces from the ECM to the cytoskeleton, and vice versa, triggering internal signals following mechanical stimulation, such as occurs in manual therapy.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  There appear to be forms of communication within the fascial matrix, for example caused by tugging in the mucopolysaccharides, created by twisting acupuncture needles.
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Water can be viewed as a 'designer fluid' in living cells."

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Pollack GH, et al. Water and the Cell (book). Springer, 2006. (at Amazon)
          This book deals with the role of water in cell function. Though long recognized to be central to cell function, water's role has not received the attention lately that it deserves. This book brings the role of water front and central. It presents the most recent work of the leading authorities on the subject, culminating in a series of sometimes astonishing observations. Water is a subject of interest to virtually everyone. It is becoming increasingly important in health therapy, in the environment, in chemistry and physics, and certainly in cells. Thus, this groundbreaking volume will be of great interest to a broad audience, well beyond those in biology alone.
          [Key Phrases] - Statistically Improbable Phrases (SIPs): (learn more) vicinal hydration, inner water compartment, hydration compartments, methacrylate monomer units, extrovert models, most hydrophobic face, normal liquid water, interconnecting chain segments, following hypotonic shock, pressure pixel, water structure changes, frog muscle cells, fixed sulfates, vicinal water, water moieties, globular component, hydrophobic tip, percolative transition, migrating protons, curve fit analysis, low density water, multilayer theory, unexposed cells, water structuring, inverse temperature transition
          [Key Phrases] - Capitalized Phrases (CAPs): (learn more) New York, Phys Chem, Pacific Press, Protein Data Bank, Physiol Chem Phys, Academic Press, Mol Biol, Rieske Iron Protein, Structure File, Proc Natl Acad Sci, San Antonio, Cell Biol Int, Plant Physiol, Plenum Press, Biol Chem, Colloid Interface Sci, Jacques Benveniste, Amer Chem Soc, Cambridge University Press, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Adv Protein Chem, Drost Hansen, Proc Nail Acad Sci, World Scientific, Biochim Biophys Acta



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Other Instrumental Research was accomplished by:

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Karl Pribram, *Languages of the Brain* 1977, Wadsworth Publishing, and "The Neurophysiology of Remembering," Scientific American, January 1969 issue, 220:75).

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Pietsch, P., 1981. Shufflebrain. The quest for the holographic mind. houghton Mifflin, Boston. Book details his research (incl. 700 operations on salamander brains) attempting to disprove Pribrams theories re: Holographic Memory and implications for the brain, but ended up convincing himself of its accuracy. [noted in 2nd article, p.78 Massage Therapy Journal, Fall 95].

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Squire, L.R., Memory and Brain. [2/73; quoted from 2nd article, p.73 Massage Therapy Journal, Fall 95:] "Over the years a number of different lines of evidence have been developed to support the holographic model of memory and to show that some of the remarkable aspects of memory are virtually impossible to explain by any other concept. A very readable discription of this theory can be found in Michael Talbot's book, The Holographic Universe." (This is summarized in the Massage Therapy Journal's 2nd article).

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Julesz, B. and K.S. Pennington, 1965. Equidistributional information mapping: An analogy to holograms and memory. Journal of the Optical Society of America 55:604. [noted in/quoted from 2nd article, p.73 Massage Therapy Journal, Fall 95: "...made explicit suggestion that memory is stored in the brain as interference patterns comparable to those used in holography."   
    
   ChaliceBullet20-21  Lashley, K., 1950. In search of the engram, in Physiological Mechanisms in Animal Behaviour, New York, Academic Press, pp.454-482. ["distinquished Harvard psychologist who spent virtually his entire scientific career, 30 years, in an unsuccessful search for the engram." Karl Pribram was student of Lashley.]

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Leith, E.N. and J. Upatnieks, 1964. Wave front reconstruction with diffused illumination and trree-dimensional objects. Journal of the Optical Society of America 54:1295-1301; Leith, E.N. and J. Upatnieks, 1965. Photography by laser. Scientific American, June Issue, 212:24.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Collier, J., C.B. Burckhardt, and L. H. Lin, 1971. Optical holography. New York, Academic Press.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  DeValois, K.K., R.L. DeValois, and W.W. Yund, 1979. Responses of striate cortex cells to grating and checkerboard patterns. Journal of Physiology 291:483:050; DeValois, K.K. and R.L. DeValois 1980. Spatial vision. Annual Review of Psychology 31:309-341.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Gabor, D., 1972. Holography, 1948-1971. Science 177:299-313.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  F.M.K. Lam Jr., Tsuei, J.J. and Z. Zhao. "Studies in Bioenergetic Correlations--Bioenergetic Regulatory Measurement Instruments and Devices." American Journal of Acupuncture, Vol. 16, No.4, Oct.-Dec. 1988.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Dr. Bruce H. Lipton, Ph.D., In his article "The Biology of Belief," describes research in which a cell's nucleus is removed, and the cells "continue to survive and exhibit a regulated control of their biological processes." He describes the structure of the cell membrane, the outer, protective wall of the cell, as having receptors (integral membrane proteins - IMP's) that are responsive, not only to chemical molecules, but also to electromagnetic and acoustical signals, gravity, and temperature. These receptors can activate genes in the DNA and direct cellular responses. He writes "These findings are relevant for they acknowledge that biological behavior can be controlled by "invisible" energy forces, which include thought." www.brucelipton.com

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Rupert Sheldrake, the British botanist, a former Research Fellow of the Royal Society and Director of Studies in biochemistry and cell biology at Clare College, Cambridge University, England, some years ago proposed the theory of ‘morphic resonance'. His first major book, the controversial *A New Science of Life,* published in 1981, was praised by the New Scientist as "an important scientific inquiry into the nature of biological and physical reality." His basic argument is that natural systems, or morphic units, at all levels of complexity -- atoms, molecules, crystals, cells, tissues, organs, organisms, and societies of organisms -- are animated, organized, and coordinated by morphic fields, which contain an inherent memory. Natural systems inherit this collective memory from all previous things of their kind by a process called morphic resonance, with the result that patterns of development and behavior become increasingly habitual through repetition. Sheldrake suggests that there is a continuous spectrum of morphic fields, including morphogenetic fields, behavioral fields, mental fields, and social and cultural fields. see http://www.sheldrake.org/
      Note: Sheldrake has stated that there needed to be some way to confirm the existence and role(s) of morphic fields. I am wondering if research in the directions indicated above might be a useful and relatively easy way to research morphic field theory. The fascial system is small enough and workable enough, that with some medical scanning equipment and bio-electric field measuring devices that are already developed, a good computer man to integrate the assessments, a good visionary and a few left brainers to keep things heading in the right directions ... well, Sheldrake could have his micro-cosmic example of inter- AND intra-active (via adjacent, multi-level contained, and/or overlapping) memory fields. And the emotional aspect of the memory wouldn't have to be established before this is proven, I think -- the neurosynaptic data, when compared in block groups over time and experience (eg: on/in a living biological organism's system) with such equipment as described above, would give a relatively quick idea of where to go with the study from there. -C Pringer
 


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  References from Mae Won Ho   [for excerpt included above and other pages at this site]

NOTE: My research leads me to believe that the above noted article ("The Acupuncture System and The Liquid Crystalline Collagen Fibres of the Connective Tissues"), otherwise extremely difficult to find now (2009), has been revised and much expanded into the following article: Organism and Psyche in a Participatory Universe, (particularly pertinent here would be the sections, "The coherence of brain and body consciousness" and "Quantum coherence and brain consciousness") by Mae-Wan Ho, (Bioelectrodynamic Laboratory, Open University, Walton Hall Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, U.K., Tel. 01908-65-3113; Fax. 01908-654167). The original article was previously at http://www.i-sis.org/lcm.shtml, but (for now I am republishing it at my site . Related Article: "Coherent Energy, Liquid Crystallinity and Acupuncture" - Talk presented to British Acupuncture Society by Mae-Wan Ho, 2 October, 1999. Also to note is her essay, "Bioenergetics and Biocommunication."  Most of Mae-Wan Ho's work can be found via Institute of Science in Society (ISIS at www.i-sis.org), which she is the director of.
The Rainbow and the Worm, The Physics of Organisms
The Rainbow and the Worm, The Physics of Organisms
"Probably the Most Important Book for the Coming Scientific Revolution" Now in its Third Edition. by Mae-Wan Ho, Director, Institute of Science in Society

    1.   Becker, R.O.:Proof that the direct electrical currents in the salamander are semiconducting innature. Science 134, 101-102, 1961.

    2.   Becker, R.O. Cross Currents. The Promise of Electromedicine, the Perils of Electropollution. Jeremy P. Tarcher, Inc., Los Angeles, 1990.

    3.   Becker, R., M. Reichmanis and A. Marino. Electrophysiological correlates of acupuncture points and meridians. Psychoenergetic Systems 1: 105, 1976.

    4.   Bella, J., M. Eaton, B.Brodsky and H.M. Berman. Crystal and molecular structure of a collagen-like peptide at 1.9Å resolution. Science 266, 75-81, 1994.

    5.   Burr, H.S. and F.S.C. Northrup. The electro-dynamic theory of life. Quart. Rev. Biol. 10: 322-333, 1935.

    6.   Ho, M.W.: Quantum Coherence and Conscious Experience. Kybernetes, 26: 265-276, 1997a.

    7.   Ho, M.W., Haffegee, J., Newton, R., Zhou, Y.M., Bolton, J.S., Ross, S.: Organisms as polyphasic liquid crystals. Bioelectrochemistry and Bioenergetics 41, 81-91, 1996.

    8.   Knight, D.P., S.W. Hu, L.J. Gathercole, M. Rusaöuen-Innocent, M.W. Ho and R. Newton, Molecular orientation in an extruded collagenous composite, the marginal rib of the egg capsule of the dogfish Cyliorhinus canicula: a novel lyotropic liquid crystalline arrangement and how it is defined in the spinneret. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London 351: 1205-1232, 1996.

    9.   Zhou, Y.M., R.H. Newton, J; Haffegee, J.Y. Brown, S. Ross, J.P. Bolton and M.W. Ho. Imaging liquid crystalline mesophases in vivo and in vitro: measuring molecular birefringence and order parameter of liquid crystals. Bios Journal, 1996.

    10.   Collings, P.J. Liquid Crystals, Nature's Delicate Phase of Matter, Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1990.

    11.   Knight, D. and D. Feng. Collagens as liquid crystals. Paper presented in British Association for the Advancement of Science, Chemistry Session, Molecular Self-Assembly in Science and Life, Keele, 1993.

    12.   Bouligand, Y.: Twisted Fibrous Arrangement in Biological Materials and Cholesteric Mesophases. Tissue and Cell 4, 189-217, 1972.

    13.   Giraud-Guille, M.M. Liquid crystallinity in condensed type I collagen solutions. A clue to the packing of collagen in extracellular matrices. Journal of Molecular Biology 224: 861-873, 1992.

    14.   Kreis, R., Boesch, C.: Liquid-crystal-like structure of human muscle demonstrated by in vivo observation of direct dipolar coupling in localized proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Journal of Magnetic Resonance B 104: 189-192, 1994.

    15.   Ho, M.W., Lawrence, M.: Interference Colour Vital Imaging: A Novel Noninvasive Microsopic Technique. Microscopy and Analysis September, 26.

    16.   Ho, M.W. and P.T. Saunders. Liquid crystalline mesophases in living organisms. in Bioelectrodynamics and Biocommunication, Ho,M.W., F.A. Popp and U. Warnke (Eds.), World Scientific, Singapore, 1994.

    17.   Ho, M.W. Towards a theory of the organism. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science 32: 1997b.

    18.   Ho, M.W.The Rainbow and the Worm, The Physics of Organisms, 2nd ed., World Scientific, Singapore, 1998.

    19.   Haffegee, J., M.W. Ho and Y.M. Zhou, unpublished results, 1998.

    20.   Ross, S., R. Newton, Y.M. Zhou, H. Jaffegee, M.W. Ho, J.P. Bolton and D. Knight. Quantitative image analysis of birefringent biological material. Journal of Microscopy 187: 62-67, 1997.

    21.   Oschman, J.L. Structure and properties of ground substances. American Zoologist 24: 199-215, 1984.

    22.   Oschman, J.L.: A Biophysical Basis of Acupuncture, Private manuscript, 1993.



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References From Dr. Taras Kochno
(March 2000):

  "I am a physician of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.  I recently became interested in fascia releases through the work of Aaron L. Mattes. ...I'm in the process of analyzing athletic performance, based on range of motion, strength/torque ratios, and proper bio mechanics, in their success or failure.  My theory is that poor fascia conditioning and flexibility leads to constriction, contracture and resultant strains or tears of musculoskeletal tissue.

"PET scans used for analysis of glycogen metabolism of the brain, in order to assess the activity within different centers may be beneficial, if one studies major joints or motor points of muscles.  The motor points yield the highest concentration of vascularization and neuro integration.  From a physics perspective, they also are the focal point of maximal contraction.   Additionally, there exists new technology to map energy fields.  For the study of fascia, it would be important to note changes in the fields as one tries different modalities or manipulative techniques...    Additionally, I should tell you that I agree with your pursuit of spirituality and emotional harmony in light of a well balanced and healthy system...   I found your articles using search engines Lycos/Hot Bod using the key words of Fascia and Muscle Memory."   Dr. Taras Kochno's references include the following.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Aaron L. Mattes RKT, MS, LMT ... created a system called Active Isolated Stretch. This involves segmental 1-2 second stretch and releases of muscle groups to facilitate function and neurological restoration /facilitation.  He has had excellent results with athletic injuries, optimizing performance and functional neuromuscular recovery in brain injured, spinal cord injured and other degenerative diseases.  His approach is based on facilitating joint position and as a result increase the areas vascular re-perfusion.

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Dr. John Basmajian, MD, author of Muscle's Alive... is one of my old professors in anatomy... pioneered work on muscles and rehabilitation.  For 25 years he taught and studied anatomy.  He authored many books and edited much more.  He did investigative work on muscle function and physiology.  He utilized EMG studies extensively.  Presently, he is retired at age 79, but is in a process of editing another book in rehabilitation. I do not believe he has an Email address.  I will see him at our Annual Academy meeting in Washington, DC this November... I have called (him and he...) states that he is not aware of any research to support your theories or help explain our restorative results..." -Dr. KOCHNO

   ChaliceBullet20-21  Dr. Oschman  Ph.D. [noted above] is the author of an interesting section in an acupuncture book of HARA an author from Japan who integrates Eastern and Western Medical Science. Dr. Oschman (out of New Hampshire) has studied the embryologic aspect of fascia and the pizoelectric fields and implies that acupuncture points are the fascial's neuro-vascular points.
  Other References cited by Oschman, J.L. include: 'Structure and properties of ground substances.' American Zoologist 24(1):199-215; 1984. 'The connective tissue and myofascial systems.' Privately published manuscript; 1981. 'How does the body maintain its shape': A series of 3 articles that appeared in Rolf Lines, the news magazine for Rolf Institute members, Boulder, CO, ending with Vol. 18(1):24-25; 1989, 1990. 'Sensing solitons in soft tissues.' Guild News (Guild for Structural Integration, Boulder, CO) 3(2):22-25. 1994.


Only a relative few Select References have been included above.
As needed please see Reference Section at Original Fascia Memory Theory Page



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Sample Artwork by yours truly:

Animated gif of selection of my work at Fine Art America, as of Dec'12

Above is a selection from my gallery at
ArtistWebsites.Com of Fine Art America (or Pixels.Com) viewable at full resolution, and is available in framed or canvas prints, greeting cards, & more.
A slideshow presentation at this site is at the Chalice Art & Holiday Card Slideshow Pages.
'Karma-learning-Love Shield' - 'What is Sown is Reaped, What is stolen is paid for; Karma is Learning is Justice is Love; The Tree of Life Bears the Flower of Life Bears the Tree of Life...' Shared by Chris Pringer 2010
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All writing and artwork at Chalicebridge.Com (unless otherwise noted) is by the author/editor, Christopher Pringer of Ballard, WA

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Web site/page © Chris Pringer, 1997 to Present (see individual articles and graphics for © dates by the author/artist)